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Fumigation in Exports and Imports

A fumigation certificate sometimes referred to as a pest-control certificate, is a document that serves as confirmation that any wooden packing materials (ie, pallets) used in a cargo shipment have been fumigated. They contain details such as treatment purpose, fumigants used, and temperature range.

What is Fumigation in Export and Import?

Speciation: Fumigation is a method of killing pests, termites, or any other harmful living organisms to prevent the transfer of exotic organisms. Fumigation is executed, by suffocating or poisoning pest, within an area of specified space by using fumigants. Normally, fumigation is done for wood material used for the packing of goods to be exported. In some cases, an empty container before the stuffing of cargo is fumigated. In most the cases, fumigation is done after the completion of the stuffing of cargo and closing the door of the container. The result of such fumigation is more effective, as the gases used for fumigation circulate all spaces in the container without spreading gas outside, as the container is closed. However, this method of fumigation is not allowed for the cargo for certain food products for direct consumption and other specified goods.

When is a fumigation certificate required?

Fumigation is compulsory when importing internationally. In most of the cases where wood materials are used for packing export goods, the buyer insists supplier fumigate cargo and asked to produce a fumigation certificate along with other export documents. Fumigation is a legal requirement by the buyer in most countries. So fumigation certificate is issued by the fumigator by obtaining approval for fumigation from the licensing authority. Most of the countries will not allow importing goods without a fumigation certificate, wherever applicable to such goods.

Fumigation  in Exports and Imports according to international standard ISPM 15


Standard ISPM 15 provides Phytosanitary measures to reduce the risk of import or spread of disease and insects through packaging materials, dunnage by wood (Wood Packing Materials) made from coniferous wood or other raw wood used in international trade

Customers who export goods from Vietnam using wood pallets, dunnage from raw wood will be fumigated with Methyl Bromide (CH3Br) by the FCC company and stamped in accordance with the standard – FCC Code which was certified by Vietnam Plant Protection Department as code VN – 009.

Guidance on regulations for wood packaging materials in international trade

1. Scope of application:

This standard specifies phytosanitary measures to reduce the risk of import or spread of disease and insects related to wood packaging materials (including dunnage materials) made from coniferous wood or other raw wood used in international trade.

2. Establishments:

Wood packaging materials are usually made from unprocessed or treated raw wood to eliminate and destroyed pests and thus is a pathway for the invasion and spread of pests. In addition, wood packaging materials are commonly re-used, recycled or remanufactured (the packaging materials of a re-entry shipment for packing for other shipments for export).

It is difficult to determine the true origin of wood packaging materials, so the phytosanitary status of these materials can not be asserted. Therefore, the risk analysis process to determine what measures are needed and to strengthen these measures frequently is not possible for wooden packaging materials because of the source and status of the quarantine. Their object is not identifiable.

Therefore, this standard provides that approved measures are globally accepted and applicable to all wood packaging materials for all countries to eliminate risks for most plant quarantine pests, and significantly reduce the risk from other pests that may be associated with packaging materials.

3. Wooden packaging materials are under stipulated:

This guideline applies to packaging materials made of coniferous wood and other types of wood which may be way invasion of plant pests that pose a major threat to living plants. They may be pallets, lifting plates, dunnage, logs, trunks, wooden boxes, supports, belts, and other inserts that most consignments of imported goods have, including shipments, normally, the cargoes of the shipments are not subjects to be quarantined.

Editor: Fomex greenwood – Vietnam plywood.

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